课程分类
您当前的位置:天津书玉苑 >天津英语学习网 >天津雅思学习网 >雅思阅读信号词讲解

天津雅思学习网

雅思阅读信号词讲解

发布时间:2019-05-17 17:09:17 已帮助:86人

  雅思考试当中阅读占有相当重要的分量,并且有些同学在做雅思阅读题目的时候不是很容易找到关键点,其实只要找到文章当中的信号词就很容易得分,今天新通教育就来讲讲雅思阅读当中的信号词.

  01、普通信号词
  该类信号词共包括8类,即表顺接和递进、表对比和转折、表相似、表排列次序、表强调作用、表最高级、比较级,表因果关系,表举例子和说明。
  表顺接和递进:also,furthermore,moreover,what is more,in addition…
  表对比和转折:however,but,by comparison,nonetheless,nevertheless…
  表相似:similarly,in other words,that is,put another way,as…
  表排列次序:first,second,finally,eventually,later,then,next…
  表最高级、比较级:more,most,-est,best,better,exclusively,extremely,superior,preferable…
  表因果关系:reason,cause,since,in that,as,because,thanks to,owing to…
  表举例和说明:for example,for instance,that is to say,such as,include,破折号…
  02、特殊信号词
  雅思阅读中的特殊的信号词,就是那些很容易识别的词。如大写字母开头的人名,地名,专有名词,以及特殊印刷体和黑体等,这些词在英语文章中显得尤为突出,往往也是题干中关键词的原词定位。
  EXAMPLE:
  the US Congress voted NASA$10 million per year for ten years to conduct a thorough search for the extra-terrestrial life.
  这句话出现了US Congress,NASA专有名词信号词,极有可能成为定位的讯息。
  一、表达客观结论
  例词:
  indicate that,point out,report that,demonstrate that…,
  suggest that,find out,conclude that,…
  考点:
  But Byers points out that the benefits of increased exercise disappear rapidly after training stops,so any improvement in endurance resulting from juvenile play would be lost by adulthood。
  解析:文章中定位人名就比较好找到答案。表达客观结论的信号词与人名同时出现时,就是考点出没的地方。
  二、特殊符号
  考点:
  In very significant cases of role change,e.g.from a soldier in the ranks to officer,from bachelor to married man,the change of role has to have a very obvious sign,hencerituals.
  解析:文中斜体的部分其实就是考察的考点,这里只要能判断,需要填写的单词是斜体部分,照抄过来就可以轻松拿分。
  三、表达主观观点
  例词:say,believe,argue that,maintain that,claim…
  考点:
  The UCSF researchers maintain that the simplest and most cost-effective action is to establish smoke-free work places,schools and public places.
  解析:这道分类题考察区分a finding和an opinion。表达个人观点(an opinion)带有一定的主观性,所用的信号词显然与客观事实发现(a finding)的有所区别。
  03、信号词的特点
  信号词具有代表性,指的是能够体现信号词所在句子的主要意思;信号词是一类出现频率不高的词,因为信号词可以很大程度上帮助考生缩小阅读范围,快而准定位答案并解题;当高频词被限定或者修饰之后,也可以作为信号词使用。也就是说当某些词原本是高频词,但是经过修饰或限定进而在原来内容上进行补充后,那么该词就变成了一个信号词。

  新通教育自成立以来一直致力于提升中国广大学子的国际竞争力,多年的经验让新通总结出独家的方法,帮助广大学子成功的申请国际名校留学,帮助学员走向成功.